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Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
     Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
Official journal of the Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons         
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   Table of Contents - Current issue
Coverpage
January-February 2021
Volume 26 | Issue 1
Page Nos. 1-70

Online since Monday, January 11, 2021

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EDITORIAL  

Braving the Odds during the Pandemic - Lessons Learnt p. 1
Ramesh Santhanakrishnan, Antony Robert Charles
DOI:10.4103/jiaps.JIAPS_373_20  
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PRESIDENTIAL ADDRESS Top

Presidential Address IAPSCON 2020 p. 3
Parthapratim Gupta
DOI:10.4103/jiaps.JIAPS_374_20  
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REVIEW ARTICLE Top

Top 100 Most Influential Manuscripts in Congenital Abdominal Pediatric Surgery: A Bibliometric Analysis Highly accessed article p. 6
Ka Siu Fan, Kristie Hin Chi Leung, Ka Hay Fan, Jeremy Chan
DOI:10.4103/jiaps.JIAPS_129_19  
Bibliometric analysis identifies the most influential manuscripts that shape our understanding of various congenital gastrointestinal pathologies. This study sets out to analyse the 100 most cited manuscripts on congenital gastrointestinal surgery. The Thomson Reuters Web of Science database was searched for all manuscripts relevant to paediatric congenital gastrointestinal surgery. The number of citations, authorship, publication date, journal of publication, institution and country were recorded for each paper. Eigenfactor and impact factor rankings were obtained for each journal of publication. 971 eligible manuscripts were returned by the search. Within the top 100 manuscripts, the most cited paper (by Metkus et al.) investigated fetal diaphragmatic hernia and was cited 413 times. University of Indianapolis had the most publications (n=5) and Journal of Pediatric Surgery had the most citations (n=3231). The country with the most publications in top 100 were the USA (n=39). The most commonly published topics were diaphragmatic hernia (n=23), abdominal wall defect (n=20) and atresia (n=6). The most cited manuscripts include various topics with a primary focus on the aetiology, diagnosis, management and outcome of diaphragmatic hernia and abdominal wall defects. Additionally, by collecting the most influential works, this study serves to reference what makes a manuscript 'citable'.
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ORIGINAL ARTICLES Top

Bracka Urethroplasty with Buccal Mucosa Graft: Ergonomic Management of Penile Skin Dartos in the First Stage to Facilitate Second-stage Neourethral Coverage p. 11
Gaurav Shandilya, Shiv Narain Kureel, Archika Gupta, Gyan Prakash Singh, Anand Pandey, Jiledar D Rawat, Ashish Wakhlu
DOI:10.4103/jiaps.JIAPS_176_19  
Aims: The aim of the study was to report a new technique of ergonomic penile skin-dartos management during buccal mucosa graft (BMG) to provide adequate penile skin-dartos for neourethral coverage at the time of second-stage tubularization. Materials and Methods: Ten proximal hypospadias with severe chordee underwent first-stage surgery with a new technique. An incision along the urethral plate margin and preputial edge was used to split inner prepuce off preputial dartos and penile degloving leaving inner prepuce attached to corona. Urethral plate was divided into the subfascial plane. Penile dartos was bisected in the dorsal midline. Distal half of penile skin-dartos bifurcated and joined to inner preputial edges. Mobilized and lateralized penile skin-dartos was sutured flanking edges of BMG. The second-stage tubularization after 6 months provided neourethral double dartos coverage with eccentric suture lines. Results: Adequate dartos for neourethral coverage during second-stage tubularization was available in all. Subcoronal urethrocutaneous fistula occurred in one that was repaired. Conclusions: Ergonomic management of inner-preputial skin and ventral transfer of penile skin-dartos helps in providing neourethral coverage during subsequent second-stage tubularization to minimize the occurrence of complications.
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Optimism for the Single-stage Transanal Swenson in Neonates p. 16
Wesam Mohamed, Mohamed I Elsawaf, Aly I Shalaby, Ahmed E Arafat, Mahmoud M Marei, Mohamed H Aboulfadl, Sherif N Kaddah, Gamal H El Tagy, Khaled H K. Bahaaeldin
DOI:10.4103/jiaps.JIAPS_187_19  
Background: Hirschsprung's disease (HD) has been traditionally treated from infancy onward and different techniques have been used including Swenson, Soave, and Duhamel procedures. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the transanal Swenson's procedure for classical rectosigmoid HD in neonates. Patient and Methods: This was a prospective study in which neonates diagnosed with HD were recruited from January 2017 to December 2018. Cases with a transition zone proximal to the midsigmoid were excluded. All patients underwent a transanal Swenson's procedure in the neonatal period using a unified protocol. Intraoperative course and postoperative outcomes such as leak, pelvic abscess, soiling, perianal excoriation, stricture, enterocolitis, and constipation were evaluated and all patients were followed for at least 6 months. Results: Twenty-three patients (17 males and 6 females) underwent transanal Swenson's procedure. The mean age was 22 ± 5.7 days. Follow-up ranged from 6 to 30 months. No anastomotic leak, retraction, or prolapse was reported. Mild perianal excoriations occurred early in 9 (39%) cases and all responded to medical treatment and disappeared before 2 months postoperatively. Stricture occurred in 2 (8%) patients, enterocolitis in 3 (13%), and constipation in 3 (13%). Conclusion: Transanal Swenson's procedure is feasible and can be performed safely in neonates with rectosigmoid HD with good short-term outcomes. Proper patient selection and standard protocol following fine procedural hall-marks and details are keys for optimal results and patient satisfaction.
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Analysis of Top ten-Cited Articles Published in the Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons Over a 10-Year Period p. 23
Anjan Kumar Dhua, Divya Jain, Prabudh Goel, Vishesh Jain, Devendra Kumar Yadav, Minu Bajpai
DOI:10.4103/jiaps.JIAPS_201_19  
Aim: The objective was to identify, analyze, and categorize the characteristics (the type of article, country of origin, institution, authorship, topic, and the number of citations) of the articles published in the Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons (JIAPS) from 2008 to 2017, with particular focus on the top ten-cited articles. Materials and Methods: The above characteristics of the individual articles were tabulated in the Microsoft Excel® sheet. The number of citations of an article was obtained from three databases (CrosssRef, MEDLINE, and Google Scholar). A final tally was obtained after removing common entries in the databases. Results: The total number of articles published was 613. There were 255 case reports, 209 original articles and review articles, and 149 brief communications. The top five countries of origin of the articles were India, United Kingdom (UK), Turkey, Iran, and Saudi Arabia, with 526, 14, 9, 7, and 6 articles, respectively. The institution, authorship, and topics of the top ten-cited articles were noted. Conclusion: Case reports are the most common type of articles published in JIAPS. Most of the articles originated from India, followed by the UK and middle-east countries. This analysis may provide insights to the editorial board and the members of IAPS about the trend of research and publications among the pediatric surgeons of India.
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Factors Accountable for Unabated Obstruction Following Pyeloplasty p. 27
Uday Sankar Chatterjee, Ashoke Kumar Basu, Debashis Mitra, Subir Kumar Chatterjee
DOI:10.4103/jiaps.JIAPS_202_19  
Purpose: Split renal function (SFR) and frusemide washout (FWO) are assessed by the DTPA renogram to measure the renal parenchymal functions as well as the evidence of obstruction, both for diagnosis and to treat the pelviureteric junction obstruction. In good number of renal units, both these parameters remain unaltered even after surgery and cause anguish to parents and referring physicians and are usually attributed toward “defective pyeloplasty.” In this study, we have tried to single out the bona fide responsible factor for the bad outcome; either the nonreversible kidney or the restenosis of pyeloplasty. Patients and Methods: We studied file of 69 patients in whom a double “J” (DJ) stent was left in situ for internal drainage for a duration of 8 weeks in the postoperative period. DTPA scans were performed preoperative, at 8 weeks with a stent in place, and at 12 and 24 months postremoval of the stent to assess renal function. Results: In our study, 45 patients (65.2%) showed improvement either in SRF or in FWO or in both after 8 weeks following pyeloplasty and 24 of 69 units (34.8%) did not show any change in renal function with DJ stent in place. Only in six units (8.7%), out of 69 units had deterioration of renal function after removal of DJ stent. Conclusions: In our opinion, no improvement of renal function found in 24 units (34.8%) even with internal drainage with DJ indicates irreversible renal damage. In 45 units (65.2%), renal function reversed after pyeloplasty and DJ stent. However, after the removal of the DJ, functions deteriorated in six units (8.7%) due to restenosis following pyeloplasties.
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The Outcome of Operated Neonates with an Isolated Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia in a Limited Resource Scenario: A Critical Analysis p. 32
Nibi Hassan, Vivek Parameswara Sarma
DOI:10.4103/jiaps.JIAPS_213_19  
Introduction: Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is one of the most common neonatal emergencies, and the ideal current therapy requires high standards of neonatal care and advanced facilities. However, majority of neonates born with CDH are treated in public sector hospitals, with limitations in resources and workforce. Objectives: The aim of the study was to review and analyze the outcome of operated neonates with isolated CDH in a public sector hospital and medical college where a standard protocol of management was followed, considering the need for optimization of therapy in view of the resource constraints. Materials and Methods: A retrospective chart review and analysis of the antenatal, preoperative, operative, and postoperative records of all neonates with operated CDH during the 3-year period from June 2015 to June 2018 at the hospital was done. The standard institutional protocol being followed included preoperative stabilization, risk stratification for patient selection, early decision regarding operative intervention, and continued postoperative ventilation. Results: During the 3-year period, 78 children were admitted with CDH, of which 40 newborns with operated CDH were studied. The mean age at surgery was 72 h. Thirty-five of these 40 cases (87.5%) made an uneventful recovery, while mortality was 5/40 (12.5%). All mortalities (5/40) occurred during the postoperative period after 3 days due to respiratory failure while being ventilated. Conclusion: The strategy of a uniform protocol in the management of CDH adapted to the practical constraints of the institution yielded good results in the low-to-moderate risk group of neonatal CDH. The approach also facilitated the segregation of high-risk cases and optimal utilization of available facilities in a limited resources scenario.
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Can Testosterone Alter the Degree of Hypospadias? A Comprehensive Study Highly accessed article p. 38
Dasmit Singh Khokar, Ravi Vadilal Patel
DOI:10.4103/jiaps.JIAPS_214_19  
Context: In this study, we observed using serial injections of parenteral testosterone whether we can alter the degree of hypospadias. Aims: The aim was to study the effect of testosterone on different parts of the phallus in hypospadias and to see if we can alter the degree of hypospadias. Settings and Design: This was a prospective observational study. Subjects and Methods: Forty-five boys with proximal and mid-penile hypospadias below the age of puberty who did not have prior testosterone injection or surgery were recruited in this study for the duration of 1 year and given testosterone injection intramuscularly and measurement taken using Vernier caliper at regular interval followed by surgery. The follow-up was at the 1st, 3rd, and 6th months of surgery. Results: Of 45 patients who received intramuscular testosterone injections, 40 showed some degree of response. Of these 40 patients, 23 showed a significant improvement in phallic size, whereas 17 showed a clinically insignificant response only. Of these 23 patients, 14 improved from a mid-penile to a distal penile hypospadias, whereas 7 improved from proximal penile to mid-penile hypospadias, and 2 showed an exceptionally good response and improved from proximal penile to distal penile hypospadias, whereas 5 patients exhibited no response at all. Conclusion: Through this study, we can conclude that intramuscular testosterone can be effective in some patients with proximal and mid-penile hypospadias to convert them into either mid- or distal penile hypospadias by the differential response of different parts of the phallus, and this may favorably alter the type of procedure required for the hypospadias repair.
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CASE REPORTS Top

Mediastinal Extension of Pancreatic Pseudocyst: A Rare Pediatric Presentation p. 44
Shruti Tewari, A Sushma, Rajeev Redkar
DOI:10.4103/jiaps.JIAPS_226_19  
Pancreatic pseudocysts are cystic cavities which are localized collection of pancreatic secretions, rich in amylase and other enzymes, present in and around pancreas, encased in a false epithelial lining of fibrous or reactive granulation tissue. Extension of a pancreatic pseudocyst into the mediastinum is rare. We are reporting a case of a 5-year-old child with mediastinal pancreatic pseudocyst which was successfully drained by cystojejunostomy.
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Congenital Parotid Fistula: Surgical Management in Two Infants and Review of Literature p. 48
Swapnil Pattanshetti, Prema Menon, Shailesh Solanki, Akshay Saxena
DOI:10.4103/jiaps.JIAPS_25_20  
Congenital salivary gland fistulas are uncommon. They develop as a result of abnormalities of the first and second branchial arches. Operative and nonoperative methods of management have been described. We report two rare cases of congenital parotid fistula presenting to us in infancy that were managed surgically.
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Bladder Mass Masquerading as Eosinophilic Cystitis in a Child: When to Think Beyond Malignancy? p. 51
Lesa Dawman, Nitin James Peters, Karalanglin Tiewsoh, Amanjeet Bal, Kushaljit Sodhi, Ram Samujh
DOI:10.4103/jiaps.JIAPS_36_20  
Eosinophilic cystitis is a rare inflammatory disease in the pediatric population with varied presentations. Diagnosis requires a high index of suspicion and cystoscopy with biopsy of the bladder mass. There are no standard treatment guidelines, however, these patients usually respond with medical management, but recurrence is a possibility. We present a case of eosinophilic cystitis in a 6-year-old boy who presented with lower urinary tract symptoms, gross hematuria, and bladder mass.
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Congenital Intrahepatic Arterioportal Fistula: Extremely Rare Cause of Melena and Chronic Diarrhea in Children p. 54
Sachit Anand, Vishesh Jain, Sandeep Agarwala, Chabi Ranu Gupta, Devasenathipathy Kandasamy, Shivanand Gamanagatti
DOI:10.4103/jiaps.JIAPS_51_20  
Congenital intrahepatic arterioportal fistulas are rare causes of presinusoidal portal hypertension in children. A rare case of arterioportal fistula in an infant is being reported. This report also highlights the need for long-term surveillance in such cases, despite being a benign pathology.
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Arterio-Duodenal Fistula: A Rare Complication of Laparoscopic Choledochal Cyst Excision p. 57
Pawan K Garg, Pushpinder S Khera, Manish Pathak, Galib Mirza, Rahul Saxena, Taruna Yadav
DOI:10.4103/jiaps.JIAPS_56_20  
Choledochal cysts (CDC) are rare biliary tract anomalies characterized by congenital dilatation of the extrahepatic and/or intrahepatic bile ducts. CDC excision with hepatico-enterostomy is the preferred surgery in modern era. Perioperative blood loss in a case of laparoscopic choledochal cyst excision (LCCE) is usually minimal and managed by conservative treatment such as blood transfusion and correction of coagulation factors. Massive hemorrhage in LCCE is rare and reported intraoperatively or within the first 3 postoperative days. Hereby, we present an unusual case of arterio-duodenal fistula, post LCCE presenting as delayed massive upper gastrointestinal bleeding in a male child and its successful endovascular management.
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Congenital Cutaneous Peripheral Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor (pPNET) of Scalp: Youngest Case So Far p. 60
Parveen Kumar, Shasanka Shekhar Panda, Sarika Singh, Yogesh Kumar Sarin
DOI:10.4103/jiaps.JIAPS_68_20  
Congenital cutaneous peripheral primitive neuroectodermal tumor (pPNET) is very rare and also very rarely located in scalp. Only two cases of PNET as primary tumor in scalp are reported so far in the literature. Non mutilating surgical excision, combined with chemotherapy and radiotherapy are used in treating these rare tumors. We present the youngest case report of PNET of scalp in 10-month-old girl who was managed by surgical excision with good cosmetic outcome and disease-free 20 months post-operative period.
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IMAGES IN CLINICAL PRACTICE Top

Multiple Cutaneous Malignancies in a Child with Xeroderma Pigmentosa p. 63
Padmapriya Balakrishnan, Thirunavukkarasu Arun Babu
DOI:10.4103/jiaps.JIAPS_97_20  
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LETTER TO THE EDITOR Top

Congenital Colonic Stenosis Manifested after Foreign-Body (Button Battery) Ingestion in a Child p. 65
KV Satish Kumar, Naveen Thomas, Balachandra Bhat, Rahul Krishnan, Reshma Murali
DOI:10.4103/jiaps.JIAPS_95_20  
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Rapunzel Syndrome: Endoscopy, Laparotomy, or Laparoscopy? p. 66
Aurelio Mazzei, Antonella Centonze, Ivan Pietro Aloi, Arianna Bertocchini, Emanuele Baldassarre
DOI:10.4103/jiaps.JIAPS_176_20  
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Let's not Clinically Miss Testicular Torsion in Patients Presenting with Lower Abdominal Pain and Vomiting p. 68
Pankaj N Maheshwari, Amandeep M Arora
DOI:10.4103/jiaps.JIAPS_262_20  
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Division of Long Residual Spur after Duhamel's Pull through with Endo-GIA Stapler under Colonoscopic Guidance p. 69
Ankur Mandelia, Moinak Sen Sharma, Yousuf Siddiqui, Ashwani Mishra
DOI:10.4103/jiaps.JIAPS_281_20  
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