| ORIGINAL ARTICLE
|Year : 2020 | Volume
| Issue : 3 | Page : 147-150
Nutritional status of children with biliary atresia and the role of portoenterostomy to improve nutrition
Shailesh Solanki1, Veereshwar Bhatnagar1, Sandeep Agarwala1, Rakesh Lodha2, Nandita Gupta3, Manoj Kumar Singh4
1 Department of Pediatric Surgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Pediatric Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
3 Department of Endocrinology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
4 Department of Pathology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
Background: Nutritional depletion and growth stunting are present in patients with biliary atresia; “normal” nutrient and vitamin supplementation fail to correct these deficiencies. Children with this condition form the largest group for possible liver transplantation in the future; hence, stress should be laid on close attention to their nutrition.
Methods: Twenty-five patients with biliary atresia as cases and 25 age-matched children as controls were enrolled in the study from November 2010 to June 2012. Preoperatively, patients underwent standard investigations and anthropometric measurement (weight, height, and head circumference) assessment. Nutritional status (assessed with standard growth chart) was compared with control population, and children were divided into poor nutritional status and good nutritional status. Kasai's portoenterostomy was performed in all patients, and comparison was done between preoperative nutritional status with postoperative status of children and also between hepatic iminodiacetic acid (HIDA) scan-positive (patent bilioenteric pathway) children with HIDA scan-negative children. Postoperatively, after 12 weeks, the same anthropometric measurements were taken again, growth velocity (GV) was assessed, and children were divided into poor, average, and good GV.
Results: Nutritional status of children with biliary atresia was significantly poor than that of control group. Postoperatively, children had better nutritional status than preoperative nutritional status, especially in HIDA scan-positive children. GV was also significantly better in those children in whom postoperative HIDA scan was positive.
Conclusion: Children with biliary atresia have poor nutritional status in comparison to normal population and require multifaceted approach to achieve adequate nutrition. Establishment of a patent bilioenteric pathway in these children improves their nutritional status and GV.
Dr. Veereshwar Bhatnagar
Department of Pediatric Surgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Room No. 4002, 4th Floor, New Delhi - 110 029
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
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