| ORIGINAL ARTICLE
|Year : 2018 | Volume
| Issue : 2 | Page : 74-80
Estimation of renal functional reserve in children with different grades of vesicoureteric reflux
Rafey Abdul Rahman1, Veereshwar Bhatnagar1, Sandeep Agarwala1, Rakesh Kumar2
1 Department of Pediatric Surgery, All Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Nuclear Medicine, All Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
Background: Vesicoureteric reflux (VUR) is one of the most common anomalies encountered in pediatric urology. The concept of renal functional reserve (RFR) as the ability of the kidney to increase glomerular filtration rate (GFR) following a protein load was introduced in the 1980s.
Aim: This study aims to evaluate RFR using 99Tc diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (DTPA) as the filtration agent for GFR estimation in children with VUR.
Materials and Methods: RFR was estimated in 53 children, of which 31 patients had unilateral VUR (Group I) and 22 patients had bilateral VUR (Group II), by subtracting baseline GFR from stimulated GFR following an intravenous protein load. GFR was determined by double compartment-2 sample method using 99Tc DTPA radioisotope as the filtration agent. Both the groups were further subgrouped into low-grade (IA, IIA) and high-grade VUR (IB, IIB).
Results: The RFR was significantly lower in unilateral high-grade VUR (Group IB) as compared to unilateral low-grade VUR (Group IA) (P = 0.024). RFR was significantly lower in bilateral high-grade VUR patients (IIB) as compared to unilateral low-grade VUR group (IA) (P = 0.0226). Furthermore, the stimulated GFR shows very strong correlation to baseline GFR in both major groups (r = 0.9659 and P = 0.001 in Group I and r = 0.9856 and P = 0.001 in Group II) concluding that the baseline GFR and the stimulated GFR increase or decrease in tandem in both the groups.
Conclusion: The RFR is impaired in children with both unilateral high-grade VUR and bilateral high-grade VUR while it is relatively preserved in unilateral low-grade VUR and bilateral low-grade VUR.
Department of Pediatric Surgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi - 110 029
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
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