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Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
     Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
Official journal of the Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons         
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   2013| July-September  | Volume 18 | Issue 3  
    Online since August 3, 2013

 
 
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ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Management of child victims of acute sexual assault: Surgical repair and beyond
Minakshi Sham, Dasmit Singh, Uma Wankhede, Abhijeet Wadate
July-September 2013, 18(3):105-111
DOI:10.4103/0971-9261.116043  PMID:24019641
Aim: To evaluate the outcome of definitive repair of anogenital injuries (AGI) in child victims of acute sexual assault. settings and Design: It is a prospective study of emergency care provided to child victims of acute sexual assault at a tertiary care Pediatric Surgical Unit in Maharashtra, India. Material and Methods : Out of 25 children, who presented during January 2009-December 2010 with suspected sexual assault, five children (one male and four female, between 4-9 years of age), had incurred major AGI. These children underwent definitive repair and a diverting colostomy. Perineal pull-through was performed in the male child with major avulsion of rectum. One 4-year-old girl with intraperitoneal vaginal injury required exploratory laparotomy in addition. Results : The postoperative period and follow-up was uneventful in all our patients. Four out of five patients have excellent cosmetic and functional outcome with a follow-up of 2-4 years. Our continence results are 100%. Conclusion : Children with acute sexual assault need emergency care. To optimally restore the distorted anatomy, all major AGI in such children should be primarily repaired by an expert, conversant with a child's local genital and perineal anatomy. Along with provision of comprehensive and compassionate medical care, prevention of secondary injuries should be the ultimate goal.
  52,021 215 -
Y-type urethral duplication in children: Management strategy at our center
Sunita Singh, Jiledar Rawat
July-September 2013, 18(3):100-104
DOI:10.4103/0971-9261.116042  PMID:24019640
Aims: Report of seven children with Y-type urethral duplication (YUD). Materials and Methods: (A) Four staged operations were performed in patients having extensive perineal dissection (for rectourinary fistula separation and anterior mobilization of ventral urethra (VU)), tension rectocutaneous anastomosis, and children who were not toilet trained). These stages are (1) diversion sigmoid colostomy with anterior mobilization of VU as perineal urethrostomy via anterior sagittal approach; (2) Orthotopic urethral (OU) reconstruction; (3) anastomosis of OU and perineal urethra; (4) colostomy closure with management of complications. (B) The patients having VU onto the perineum underwent single stage urethral reconstruction. Results: The VU was urethrorectal/urethroanal in five and urethroperineal in two. Low anorectal malformation and upper urinary tract anomalies were present in 57.1% (4/7) and 14.7% (1/7) patients, respectively. Buccal mucosa free graft, transverse inner preputial flap, and perineal skin were tubularized for OU reconstruction. Mean age at 1 st , 2 nd , 3 rd , and 4 th surgery was 5 ± 0.78, 28 ± 0.78, 36 ± 0.78, 49 ± 0.78 months respectively. Three patients needed surgery for complications (urethrocutaneous fistula in two and urethral diverticulum in one) in a mean 3.12 ± 0.34 years of follow-up. Final uroflowmetry and fecal continence were good in all patients. Conclusions: The YUD is a difficult entity to manage. Although, staged procedure appears to be time consuming, but good and promising results can be achieved by staging the procedure.
  6,341 211 -
Modified koyanagi repair for severe hypospadias
Deepti Vepakomma, Anand Alladi, Raghu S Ramareddy, Tanveer Akhtar
July-September 2013, 18(3):96-99
DOI:10.4103/0971-9261.116041  PMID:24019639
Aim: To report the results of an early series of patients who underwent modified Koyanagi repair for severe hypospadias. Materials and Methods: A total of 24 boys (age: 9 months to 11 years) with proximal hypospadias, chordee, and poor urethral plate underwent modified Koyanagi repair between September 2008 and January 2012. Nine boys had associated penoscrotal transposition that was corrected simultaneously. Vascularized parameatal based foreskin flap was used to correct the hypospadias in a single stage. The follow-up ranged from 6 months to 3.5 years. Results: A total of 13 of the 24 children had a good outcome and were voiding normally, while 11 boys developed complications, 3 of which were major and 8 minor. The major complications were complete breakdown (n = 1), meatal and distal neourethral stenosis requiring laying open of distal urethra (n = 1), and glans breakdown (n = 1). The minor complications included fistulae (n = 5), meatal stenosis amenable to dilatation (n = 1), and lateral chordee (n = 1). Majority of the complications were in the initial patients, with successful outcomes in the last 1 year. Most of these complications were successfully managed by minor second procedures. Conclusion: Modified Koyanagi repair not only corrects severe hypospadias with chordee but also corrects the associated penoscrotal transposition in a single stage. The results are good once the learning curve is crossed.
  4,091 281 -
CASE REPORTS
Aortoesophageal fistula in a child
Shasanka Shekhar Panda, Sandeep Agarwala, Sushil Kumar Kabra, Ruma Ray, Nidhi Sugandhi, Abdus Sami Bhat, Rakesh Lodha, Prashant Joshi, Akshay Kumar Bisoi, Arundeep Arora, Arun Kumar Gupta
July-September 2013, 18(3):124-126
DOI:10.4103/0971-9261.116051  PMID:24019646
Aortoesophageal fistulae (AEF) are rare and are associated with very high mortality. Foreign body ingestions remain the commonest cause of AEF seen in children. However in a clinical setting of tuberculosis and massive upper GI bleed, an AEF secondary to tuberculosis should be kept in mind. An early strong clinical suspicion with good quality imaging and endoscopic evaluation and timely aggressive surgical intervention helps offer the best possible management for this life threatening disorder. Our case is a 10-year-old boy who presented to the pediatric emergency with massive bouts of haemetemesis and was investigated and managed by multidisciplinary team effort in the emergency setting.
  2,683 100 -
Giant anterior urethral diverticulum with a calculus masquerading as left inguinal hernia: A missed diagnosis, a lesson to learn
Renu Kushwaha, Prabudh Goel, Shiv Narain Kureel
July-September 2013, 18(3):112-114
DOI:10.4103/0971-9261.116044  PMID:24019642
Congenital anterior urethral diverticulum is an infrequent but important cause of infravesical obstructive uropathy in children. Clinical spectrum usually includes obstructive or irritative urinary symptoms or penile ballooning during the act of micturition. We share our experience in a case of giant anterior urethral diverticulum with a contained calculus presenting as a huge inguino-scrotal swelling and masquerading as left inguinal hernia. The fluctuation in the size of the swelling related to the act of micturition was mistaken for cough impulse. He was subjected to a left inguinal herniotomy, following which he developed urine leak from the surgery wound and was subsequently referred to our centre for further management. The importance of a detailed history, meticulous physical examination, and diagnostic imaging has been stressed. The surgical approach in such cases has also been highlighted.
  2,354 135 -
Successful management of a renal fungal ball in a pretermature neonate: A case report and review of literature
BV Raghunath, BC Gowrishankar, M Narendrababu, S Ramesh
July-September 2013, 18(3):121-123
DOI:10.4103/0971-9261.116047  PMID:24019645
Invasive fungal infection is common in the present day NICUs - generally manifesting as candiduria or candida sepsis. Fungal balls in the kidneys are very uncommon and most are amenable to higher antifungal agents. However, we had a child who did not respond to such measures and ultimately needed a surgical removal of the fungal ball in his kidney. We report this case along with a review of literature to highlight about this uncommon, but an important cause of persistent sepsis in pre-term infants and to review the treatment options including a surgical removal.
  2,349 106 -
Metanephric stromal tumor: An unusual pediatric renal neoplasm
Sunil K Bajaj, Ritu Misra, Vineeta Batra, Rohini Gupta, Deepak Bagga
July-September 2013, 18(3):115-117
DOI:10.4103/0971-9261.116045  PMID:24019643
A renal tumor in a 14-month- old child, who was initially diagnosed as mesoblastic nephroma, but on review post surgery was diagnosed as hyper-differentiated metanephric stromal tumor, with its excellent prognostic outcome. An attempt is made to document imaging features that may enable one to suspect this rare condition. The literature is reviewed with emphasis on its distinction from its look-alikes in the pediatric age group.
  2,081 110 -
Intestinal obstruction in a premature baby: Endoscopic diagnosis and management by minimal access surgery
Deepak K Kandpal, Sanjay Siddharth, Saroja Balan, Sujit K Chowdhary
July-September 2013, 18(3):118-120
DOI:10.4103/0971-9261.116046  PMID:24019644
Neonatal intestinal obstruction is the most common surgical emergency in a newborn. Although, large numbers of newborns are operated in our country, limited published literature is available on advances in diagnosis, and management of this problem with outcome analysis in newborns. We report a premature (32 weeks) newborn who developed acute onset symptoms of small bowel obstruction in 3 rd week of life, and discuss the approach to diagnosis and management with the minimal access surgery and successful outcome.
  1,911 117 -
EDITORIAL
Present scenario of Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
Biswanath Mukhopadhyay
July-September 2013, 18(3):95-95
DOI:10.4103/0971-9261.116040  PMID:24019638
  1,425 144 -
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR
Corkscrew vessels: Is it a predictor of vanishing testis syndrome?
Sanjay N Oak, Sandesh V Parelkar, Prashant B Joshi, Dinesh Mundada, Shishira Shetty, Satish Kapadnis, Beejal V Sanghvi
July-September 2013, 18(3):128-129
DOI:10.4103/0971-9261.116053  PMID:24019648
  1,460 95 -
Meckel's diverticulum at uncommon mesenteric location
Amit Singh, Shasanka Shekhar Panda, Nitin Sharma, Minu Bajpai
July-September 2013, 18(3):127-128
DOI:10.4103/0971-9261.116052  PMID:24019647
  1,261 103 -
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  2005 - Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow 

Online since 1st May '05