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Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
     Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
Official journal of the Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons         
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   2011| January-March  | Volume 16 | Issue 1  
    Online since January 3, 2011

 
 
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CASE REPORTS
Perforation into gut by ventriculoperitoneal shunts: A report of two cases and review of the literature
Abdul Hai, Atia Z Rab, Imran Ghani, Muhammad F Huda, Abdul Q Quadir
January-March 2011, 16(1):31-33
DOI:10.4103/0971-9261.74521  PMID:21430848
We report two cases of gastrointestinal perforation by ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunts and review the literature on the topic. The time interval between shunt surgery and detection of bowel perforation is minimum in infants and increases with age. Sigmoid and transverse colon followed by stomach are the most frequent sites of gastrointestinal perforations by VP shunts.
  10,519 176 5
Covered exstrophy with anorectal malformation and vaginal duplication
Jitendra K Singh, JK Mahajan, Monika Bawa, K. L. N. Rao
January-March 2011, 16(1):26-28
DOI:10.4103/0971-9261.74519  PMID:21430846
Covered exstrophy is a rare variant of the exstrophy-epispadias complex. We report a female newborn with covered exstrophy, absent anal opening and duplication of the introitus and the lower vagina. This rare, previously unreported, combination of anomalies highlights the complexity of the embryological events in the caudal area during separation of the hindgut and allantois.
  7,304 164 1
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Pediatric liver transplantation: A report from a pediatric surgical unit
Sanjay Rao, Ashley L. J. D'Cruz, Rajiv Aggarwal, Supraja Chandrashekar, G Chetan, Gayathri Gopalakrishnan, Stephen Dunn
January-March 2011, 16(1):2-7
DOI:10.4103/0971-9261.74512  PMID:21430839
Background: Liver transplantation is well established worldwide as an effective treatment for end-stage liver disease in children. Acceptance in India has been slow because of considerations of cost, infections, inability to support long-term care, and non-availability of expertise. Aim: This study was designed to report our experience with pediatric liver transplantation. Materials and Methods: Twenty-eight children underwent liver transplantation. Results: Biliary atresia was the commonest indication (n = 15) followed by metabolic liver disease. Twenty-six children had living donor transplants, mothers being the donors in a majority of these. Common surgical complications included bile leaks (n = 3) and vascular problems (n = 6). Common medical complications included infections, acute rejection, and renal failure. Overall, patient survival was 71%, while that for the last 14 cases was 92%. All survivors are doing well, have caught up with physical and developmental milestones and are engaged in age appropriate activities. Conclusions: The study demonstrates the feasibility of a successful pediatric liver transplant program in our country.
  3,896 259 7
CASE REPORTS
Intralobar pulmonary sequestration masquerading as congenital lobar emphysema
Bilal Mirza, Afsheen Batool Raza, Iftikhar Ijaz, Lubna Ijaz, Farah Naz, Afzal Sheikh
January-March 2011, 16(1):15-17
DOI:10.4103/0971-9261.74515  PMID:21430842
Intrapulmonary sequestrations are quite uncommon in pediatric age group. The preoperative diagnosis of pulmonary sequestration is not possible in most of the cases. A 2-year-old boy presented with recurrent episodes of chest infections and respiratory distress. A preoperative diagnosis of congenital lobar emphysema was made on the basis of chest radiograph and computed tomography scan. At operation, an intralobar pulmonary sequestration was found. The sequestration cyst was excised with uneventful recovery.
  3,588 160 1
Abernethy malformation with portal vein aneurysm in a child
Sheragaru H Chandrashekhara, Ashu Seith Bhalla, Arun Kumar Gupta, CS Vikash, Susheel Kumar Kabra
January-March 2011, 16(1):21-23
DOI:10.4103/0971-9261.74517  PMID:21430844
Abernethy malformation is an extremely rare anomaly of the splanchnic venous system. We describe multidetector computed tomography findings of an incidentally detected Abernethy malformation with portal vein aneurysm in a two-and-half-year old child. The computed tomography scan was performed for the evaluation of respiratory distress, poor growth, and loss of appetite.
  3,292 162 2
Epithelial cyst of the spleen
Garima Daga, Varun Mittal, RJ Singh, Neena Sood
January-March 2011, 16(1):18-20
DOI:10.4103/0971-9261.74516  PMID:21430843
This is a report of a case of epithelial cyst of the spleen in an 8-year-old boy. The cyst showed squamous metaplasia on histology. The risk of malignant transformation is discussed.
  3,219 144 -
Multiloculated cervical thymic cyst
J Niranjan, KV Santosh, G Prabhakar
January-March 2011, 16(1):24-25
DOI:10.4103/0971-9261.74518  PMID:21430845
In this study, we report a rare case of cervical thymic cyst in an 8-year-old child.
  3,120 131 1
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Hepatoblastoma: Analysis of treatment outcome from a tertiary care center
Sanju Cyriac, Ramakrishnan Ayloor Seshadri, Arun Warrier, Tenali Gnana Sagar
January-March 2011, 16(1):11-14
DOI:10.4103/0971-9261.74514  PMID:21430841
Aim : This study was designed to retrospectively review our experience with the multimodality management of hepatoblastomas (HB). Materials and Methods: Thirteen patients were treated for HB between 2000 and 2007. The clinical presentations, chemotherapy tolerance and response, surgical procedure undertaken, and complications were analysed. Results: Median age of the population was 12 months (3-60 months), with a male-to-female ratio of 3.3:1. Nine patients were treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy incorporating cisplatin and adriamycin. Primary surgery was done in four patients. Extent of hepatic resection in the operated patients varied. Mixed type was the predominant histopathological diagnosis. Adjuvant chemotherapy was well tolerated with no morbidity or mortality. Five-year event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) of all the 13 patients is 76.9%. All the nine patients who could complete multimodality treatment are alive with no evidence of disease or complications with median follow-up of 63 months (46-122 months). Conclusions: Treatment of HB with multidisciplinary approach was well tolerated. OS and EFS of patients were comparable with published studies.
  2,944 206 2
Laparoscopy-assisted hydrostatic in situ reduction of intussusception: A reasonable alternative?
V. V. S. S. Chandrasekharam, Suhasini Gazula, Rajendra Prasad Gorthi
January-March 2011, 16(1):8-10
DOI:10.4103/0971-9261.74513  PMID:21430840
Aim: To evaluate an alternative way of reducing intussusceptions under laparoscopic guidance. Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective observational study of children who underwent laparoscopy-assisted hydrostatic in situ reduction of intussusceptions (LAHIRI). Under general anesthesia with laparoscopic vision, warm saline was infused into the rectum with a 16-18 F Foley catheter and a drip set till the intussusception was reduced. Results: Eleven patients [age 7.8 (±2.8) months] were operated over a period of 1 year. Ten (90.9%) patients had ileocolic intussusception, which got completely reduced, but one (9%) had ileo-ileocolic intusussception, in whom manual reduction by extending the subumbilical incision was required to reduce the ileoileal part. The mean duration of surgery was 38.5 (±6.6) min. No patient had bowel ischemia and there were no intra- or postoperative complications. Conclusions: LAHIRI appears to be an effective and safe technique in children. Specific advantages are that it is performed in a controlled environment in the operating room, avoids patient apprehension and discomfort, avoids bowel handling, provides a safe opportunity to create higher intraluminal pressure, ensures visual assessment of bowel vascularity and completeness of reduction.
  2,529 218 1
EDITORIAL
Pediatric liver transplantation in India: Its time has come
Ashley L. J. D'Cruz
January-March 2011, 16(1):1-1
DOI:10.4103/0971-9261.74510  PMID:21430838
  2,367 162 -
CASE REPORTS
Ingested metallic foreign body lodged in the appendix
RR Sarkar, J Bisht, SK Sinha Roy
January-March 2011, 16(1):29-30
PMID:21430847
An 8-year-old child ingested a metallic screw 3 months prior to admission. At laparotomy, the foreign body was found to be lodged inside the vermiform appendix, and was removed by appendicectomy.
  2,348 144 1
LETTERS TO EDITOR
Laparoscopic vagotomy with gastrojejunostomy for corrosive pyloric strictures
A Prasad, KA Mukherjee, M Kaur, M Ali, S Kaul
January-March 2011, 16(1):34-35
DOI:10.4103/0971-9261.74523  PMID:21430850
  2,278 114 -
Esophageal atresia with tracheo-esophageal fistula: Making anastomosis easy
Sudhakar Jadhav, Dinesh Kittur, Ravindra Vora, Varun Sarode, Amit Raut, Jui Mandke
January-March 2011, 16(1):34-34
DOI:10.4103/0971-9261.74522  PMID:21430849
  2,035 195 -
Femoral shaft injuries during childbirth
Ram Kinkar Jha, Vivek Trikha
January-March 2011, 16(1):35-36
DOI:10.4103/0971-9261.74524  PMID:21430851
  1,716 107 -
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  2005 - Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow 

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