| ORIGINAL ARTICLE
|Year : 2020 | Volume
| Issue : 4 | Page : 206-212
First-year follow-up of newborns operated for esophageal atresia in a developing country: Just operating is not enough!
Santosh Dey1, Vishesh Jain2, Sachit Anand2, Sandeep Agarwala2, Anjan Dhua1, M Srinivas2, Veereshwar Bhatnagar2
1 Department of Pediatric Surgery, Command Hospital, Pune, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Pediatric Surgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
Purpose: To identify complications, their incidence and risk factors for their occurrence in patients of esophageal atresia (EA) in the 1st year after discharge following surgery.
Materials and Methods: Cases of EA discharged after surgical intervention in the period of July 2011–July 2013 were considered a cohort. All data regarding demographics, investigations, surgical procedure, outcome, and follow-up were recorded.
Results: Seventy-six such patients were discharged in the study period, six of whom were lost to follow-up, and hence, seventy patients were included in the study. Of these 70, 48 (69%) had esophageal continuity restored (46 EA + tracheoesophageal fistula [TEF]; 2 pure EA), while 22 (31%) had been diverted (3 pure EA; 8 EA + TEF following major leak; 11 long gap EA + TEF). Risk of developing any complication (except death) was 48/70 (68%; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 57.4–79.7). Twenty-six of 48 patients with esophageal continuity restored, demonstrated narrowing on contrast study (54%; 95% CI = 39.5–68.7) but only 18 of these 48 (37.5%) had dysphagia. Thirty-one of seventy had an episode of lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) (44.2%; 95% CI = 32.3%–56.2%). Poor weight gain was observed in 27/70 (37%), and this was significantly common in diverted patients (63% vs. 25%; P = 0.009). Twenty-one of total 70 (30%) patients died within the 1st year following discharge.
Conclusions: Sixty-eight percent of cases developed some complication, while 30% succumbed within the 1st year of life following discharge. The common complications were stricture, LRTI, and poor weight gain. All of these were common in diverted patients.
Dr. Sandeep Agarwala
Department of Pediatric Surgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi - 110 029
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
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