| ORIGINAL ARTICLE
|Year : 2020 | Volume
| Issue : 2 | Page : 85-90
Clinical presentation and surgical management of neonatal tumors: Retrospective analysis
Shailesh Solanki1, Prema Menon1, Ram Samujh1, Kirti Gupta2, KL N. Rao1
1 Department of Pediatric Surgery, PGIMER, Chandigarh, India
2 Department of Pathology, PGIMER, Chandigarh, India
Aims: Neonatal tumors (NTs) include a group of diverse neoplasms. In this study, we reviewed our data for clinical presentations, management options, and outcome.
Materials and Methods: All patients from 0- to 1-month age presenting with solid tumors, from 2006 to 2018 were studied. The gender, presentation, location, type of tumor, and management were analyzed. The final diagnosis was made with histopathology in all cases. Hemangiomas and lymphangiomas were excluded from the study.
Results: A total of 32 neonates were studied. The most common tumor was sacrococcygeal teratoma (SCT,16) followed by teratoma at other sites including two cases of fetus-in-fetu, soft-tissue sarcoma (STS, 4), mesenchymal hamartoma (2), hemangioendothelioma (2), and other rare tumors. Three tumors were diagnosed antenatally; of whom, two were neither visible externally nor palpable. Complete surgical excision was done for all except in a case of ovarian cyst where near-total cystectomy was done. No patient received chemotherapy or radiotherapy. Six patients had postoperative complications, including two who had local recurrence requiring excision. There was one mortality. All the other patients are doing well during follow-up.
Conclusion: NTs have varied presentations. SCT and STS were the most common benign and malignant tumor, respectively. Early diagnosis and complete surgical excision are often curative for all, regardless of the pathology with the minimal role of chemotherapy or radiotherapy.
Dr. Prema Menon
Block 3A, Room No. 3103, Advanced Pediatric Centre, PGIMER, Sector 12, Chandigarh - 160 012
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
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