| ORIGINAL ARTICLE
|Year : 2019 | Volume
| Issue : 2 | Page : 120-123
Management strategy of meconium ileus-outcome analysis
Abhishek Kumar Singh, Anand Pandey, Jiledar Rawat, Sudhir Singh, Ashish Wakhlu, Shiv Narain Kureel
Department of Pediatric Surgery, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
Background: Meconium ileus (MI) is defined as an intestinal obstruction caused by the impaction of inspissated meconium in the terminal ileum. In this study, we have evaluated the nonoperative management of patients of simple MI without fluoroscopic support –an important requisite of the Noblett's criteria. Besides this, surgical management in cases of failed conservative management and complicated MI was also assessed.
Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective observational study. Various clinical and radiological parameters were evaluated. Conservative management included the use of water-soluble contrast diatrizoate meglumine and diatrizoate sodium. In case of nonpassage of meconium in 24 h from first intervention, exploratory laparotomy with ileostomy was performed. All complicated MI underwent exploratory laparotomy with creation of stoma as and when needed.
Results: The duration of this study was 6½ years. Twenty-five neonates of MI were admitted. Of these, 22 had simple MI and remaining three had complicated MI. Eighteen neonates responded to the conservative management. In four neonates, who did not respond, exploratory laparotomy was performed. All three neonates having complicated MI underwent exploratory laparotomy. One patient expired in follow-up.
Conclusion: MI is an important neonatal emergency, which needed immediate attention of a pediatric surgeon. Proper evaluation of the patient, careful application of principals of conservative management, and timely surgical intervention may fetch satisfactory results.
Dr. Anand Pandey
Department of Pediatric Surgery, King George's Medical University, Lucknow - 226 003, Uttar Pradesh
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
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