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Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
     Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
Official journal of the Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons         
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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 79-82

Anorectal agenesis with rectovaginal fistula: A rare/regional variant


Department of Pediatric Surgery, Lady Hardinge Medical College and Kalawati Saran Children's Hospital, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Subhasis Roy Choudhury
Department of Pediatric Surgery, Lady Hardinge Medical College and Kalawati Saran Children's Hospital, New Delhi
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jiaps.JIAPS_255_16

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Aims and Objectives: The anatomical types of female anorectal malformation (ARM) are complex and include several rare and regional variants. The aim of this report is to highlight the diagnosis and management of cases of anorectal agenesis with rectovaginal fistula (RVF). Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective chart review of cases of RVF who underwent definitive surgery between November 2000 and September 2016 in a single institution. Results: Of the 244 female patients with anorectal anomalies treated in our institution over a 16-year period, there were 15 cases of RVF with anorectal agenesis giving it an incidence of 6%. All cases of RVF with anorectal agenesis presented with absence of anal opening, varying degree of abdominal distension, and history of passage of fecal matter per vaginum. The mean age of presentation was 3 months (newborn to 1 year). Sigmoid colostomy was done in 13 cases. Distal colostogram demonstrated high RVF which was further confirmed by examination under anesthesia (EUA) and endoscopy before definitive surgery. With the posterior sagittal approach, division of the RVF and anorectoplasty was possible in 14 cases; however, one patient required an abdominal mobilization of the colon for pull through due to a very short distal bowel segment. During a mean postoperative follow-up of 5 years, cosmetic and functional results were satisfactory. Conclusion: RVF with anorectal agenesis is a rare/regional variant of female ARMs. Clinical examination along with distal colostogram, EUA, and endoscopy clinches the diagnosis. Anorectal reconstruction by posterior sagittal anorectoplasty results in a satisfactory outcome.






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