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Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
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LETTER TO THE EDITOR
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 20  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 100-101
 

Is Stephen-fowler staged approach the correct answer for orchidopexy in a peeping testis?


Department of Pediatric Surgery, Seth Gordhandas Sunderdas Medical College and King Edward Memorial Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Date of Web Publication17-Feb-2015

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sanjay N Oak
Department of Pediatric Surgery, Seth Gordhandas Sunderdas Medical College and King Edward Memorial Hospital, Parel, Mumbai - 400 012, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0971-9261.151563

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How to cite this article:
Oak SN, Parelkar SV, Sanghvi BV, Patil SH, Mhaskar SS. Is Stephen-fowler staged approach the correct answer for orchidopexy in a peeping testis?. J Indian Assoc Pediatr Surg 2015;20:100-1

How to cite this URL:
Oak SN, Parelkar SV, Sanghvi BV, Patil SH, Mhaskar SS. Is Stephen-fowler staged approach the correct answer for orchidopexy in a peeping testis?. J Indian Assoc Pediatr Surg [serial online] 2015 [cited 2019 Nov 15];20:100-1. Available from: http://www.jiaps.com/text.asp?2015/20/2/100/151563


Sir,

Peeping testis presents itself with a movement in and out of internal inguinal ring. Such a testis may or may not be felt manually, and even the ultrasound done at different times may report the testis as intracanalicular or intra-abdominal. The role of laparoscopy in such cases has been described as diagnostic as well as a therapeutic one. [1] Surgeons have confirmed the presence of testis entering the canal [Figure 1] and then have resorted to conventional open orchidopexy and in few groups have adopted the technique of laparoscopy therapeutically, in getting the gonad to the scrotum. [2],[3]
Figure 1: Laparoscopic view of "peeping testis"

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In the past 5years from 2008 to 2014, our center has experienced 114 patients with uni- or bilateral cryptorchidism, and 43 of them have been "peeping" testes. In 20 of these, a one-stage laparoscopic approach was adopted, while the remaining 23 underwent a Stephen-Fowler staged approach. [4] It was observed in 13 of the single-stage group, that the testis fails to reach the bottom of scrotum in spite of the best of retroperitoneal mobilization. The tightness of the testicular vessels was evident and we had to compromise witha high placement of the testis in the upper part of scrotum. Three of the testes subsequently slipped out of the scrotal sac and disappeared into the superficial inguinal pouch area. In two of these cases, an open local exploration was required to relocate them back in the scrotal pouch. On the other hand, 23 testes underwent two-staged procedure and the interval between the two stages was 6-8 months. In the first stage the testicular vessels were clipped, coagulated at least 3.5 cm proximal to testis. In 8 cases they were divided in the same stage and in 15, they were clipped and coagulated in continuity. In no case was the dissection performed distally in the first stage, and the decision to do the staged approach was arrived at, as soon as the testis was seen at the internal ring.

The former classification of "low intra-abdominal" or "highintra-abdominal" gonad (depending on the distance being more than 1.5-2 cm from internal ring) was not followed. The results of the staged approach were excellent. All the testes could be operated upon in the second stage, none had disappeared due to atrophy and they could be easily brought down on the pedicle of peritoneal triangular leaf at the internal ring protecting the neovascular collateral supply from inferior vesical, inferior epigastric, and cremasteric vessels. Ultrasonography (USG) done 3 months subsequent to second stage confirmed their viability with a good size and low placement in the scrotum and none had retracted upwards.

The authors strongly recommend the adoption of Stephen-Fowler staged approach in the cases of peeping testes at the level of internal inguinal ring rather than attempting a single-stage orchidopexy, which at times leads to suboptimal placement in the upper scrotal half.

 
   References Top

1.
Brock JW 3rd. Laparoscopic orchidopexy for the nonpalpable testis. Pediatr Endosurg Innov Tech 2000;4:189-94.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Lintula H, Kokki H, Eskelinen M, Vanamo K. Laparoscopic versus open orchidopexy in children with intra-abdominal testes. J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 2008;18:449-56.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Robertson SA, Munro FD, Mackinlay GA. Two-Stage Fowler-Stephens orchidopexy preserving the gubernacular vessels and a purely laparoscopic second stage. J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 2007;17:101-7.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Fowler R, Stephen FD. The role of testicular vascular anatomy in the salvage of the high undescended testis. Aust N Z J Surg 1959;29:92-106.  Back to cited text no. 4
    


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