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Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
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CASE REPORT
Year : 2008  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 81-82
 

Blunt trauma to the parotid gland in child


1 Department of Surgery, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences, Sawangi (Meghe), Wardha, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of ENT, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences, Sawangi (Meghe), Wardha, Maharashtra, India
3 Department of Radiology, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences, Sawangi (Meghe), Wardha, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Amit Agrawal
Department of Surgery, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences, Sawangi (Meghe), Wardha - 442 005, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0971-9261.43034

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   Abstract 

Blunt trauma to the parotid gland is extremely rare and requires considerable force. We present a unique case in which a child sustained parotid injury without any associated injury to the facial skeleton, parotid gland and ductal structures and managed successfully. A literature search revealed that this type of injury has not been reported previously.


Keywords: Parotid, salivary gland, trauma


How to cite this article:
Agrawal A, Golhar K B, Dwivedi S, Baisakhiya N, Banode P, Sachchar A. Blunt trauma to the parotid gland in child. J Indian Assoc Pediatr Surg 2008;13:81-2

How to cite this URL:
Agrawal A, Golhar K B, Dwivedi S, Baisakhiya N, Banode P, Sachchar A. Blunt trauma to the parotid gland in child. J Indian Assoc Pediatr Surg [serial online] 2008 [cited 2019 Nov 15];13:81-2. Available from: http://www.jiaps.com/text.asp?2008/13/2/81/43034



   Introduction Top


Because of presence of a thick capsule, and its anatomical location (situated behind the strong mandibular skeleton) parotid gland is rarely injured by blunt trauma. [1] The force required is considerable, and there is usually an associated skeletal injury, to the mandible or temperomandibular joint and in these instances, the trauma to the other, more vital structures becomes more important. [1],[2],[3] We present a unique case of blunt traumatic injury to the parotid gland in a child without any associated injury to the facial skeleton. A literature search revealed that in children this type of injury has not been reported previously.


   Case History Top


A nine-year-old male child presented with history of fall of bicycle on him while he was playing. He had transient loss of consciousness and had multiple episodes of vomiting. There was no history of seizures or ear, nasal or oral bleed. His general and systemic examination was unremarkable. Neurologically coma scale was E3V5M6 and pupils were bilaterally equal and reacting to light. Facial nerve functions were normal. There were no focal neurological deficits. Local examination revealed swelling over the left parotid region with bruising over it associated tenderness [Figure 1]. There was mild trismus. Skin was intact. Oral cavity examination was normal. Computed tomography showed marked soft tissue swelling involving the left parotid gland [Figure 2]. There was no evidence of any intracranial hematoma or underlying bony injury. Ultrasound with color Doppler diffusely swollen gland with hypoechoic areas and increased vascularity [Figure 3]. With these findings the child was managed conservatively and is doing well at follow-up.


   Discussion Top


Trauma to the parotid gland parenchyma and duct produces a clinical picture of facial swelling with minimal pain. Diagnosis can be confirmed by computed tomography or sialography. [1] As in the present case computed tomography will show a swollen gland with an adjacent lucent area. [1] Sialograpy was not performed in our case as there was no evidence of salivary leak and also patient was responding to conservative management. Radiological investigations will also rule out the injury to the skeletal structures and facial nerve. [1] As in our case, once the injuries to the facial nerve, skeletal system and ductal structures can be excluded, a conservative approach to management to these patients is recommended. [1],[4] Antibiotics are recommended only when there is clinical evidence of infection. [4] When there is no clinical evidence of salivary leak or any associated injuries patients with blunt parotid trauma do not require invasive diagnostic procedures and can be managed conservatively with good outcome.

 
   References Top

1.Smith OD, McFerran DJ, Antoun N. Blunt trauma to the parotid gland. Emerg Med J 2001;18:402-3.  Back to cited text no. 1  [PUBMED]  [FULLTEXT]
2.Ohlson NR. Traumatic lesions of the salivary glands. Otolaryngol Clin North Am 1977;10:345-50.  Back to cited text no. 2    
3.Shetty DK, Rink B. Effects of direct blunt trauma on the salivary glands. Deutsch Zahn Mund Kieferheilk 1974;62:148-57.  Back to cited text no. 3    
4.Lewis G, Knottenbelt JD. Parotid duct injury: is immediate surgical repair necessary? Injury 1991;22:407-9.  Back to cited text no. 4  [PUBMED]  [FULLTEXT]


    Figures

  [Figure 1], [Figure 2], [Figure 3]


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    Abstract
    Introduction
    Case History
    Discussion
    References
    Article Figures

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